Книга "Эффективная швартовка" на анг. яз.
This booklet is derived from one entitled "Effective Mooring" which was originally published by Shell International Marine in 1976. The aim of the Shell booklet was to complement technical publications and rules and regulations with a publication that was deliberately written in such a style as to communicate effectively with seafarers at all levels. Experience over the past ten years has shown that "Effective Mooring" was successful in putting across its message and therefore the same general format is retained in this version of the booklet.
The emphasis in this booklet is on SAFETY. Its intention is that shipboard staff be made more aware of the hazards associated with mooring equipment and mooring operations by having a better understanding of the subject. A summary of the personal safety items mentioned in the text is given in Chapter 7.
This booklet is designed to be self-contained; however, readers who are interested in obtaining more detailed technical information should refer to other OCIMF documents dealing with mooring.
Although this booklet has been written primarily with oil and gas tankers in mind, most of its contents apply equally to other types of vessel.
Chapter 1 Effective Mooring
What Does a Mooring System Do?
How Big Are These Forces?
Wires or Synthetic Fibre Ropes
First Line Ashore Vertical Angle (Dip) Mixed Mooring Nylon Tails
Chapter 2 Mooring Winches
Render and Heave Winch Brakes Correct Layering Non Split Drum Winches Split Drum Winches Correct Reeling Brake Condition Testing Brakes Application of Brake Incorrect Use of Brake Brake Holding Capacity Exceptional Circumstances Winch In Gear Freezing Weather Joining a New Ship Safety Reminders
Chapter 3 Steel Wire Ropes
Construction of Wire Ropes Maintenance of Steel Wire Moorings
Selection of Anchor Point for 1st Layer of Wire on a Drum Stoppers for use with Steel Wires Care of Wire Splicing Wire Safety Reminders
Chapter 4 Synthetic Fibre Ropes
Use of Synthetic Fibre Ropes
Types of Materials Used
Chapter 5 Mooring at Buoys
Conventional or Multibuoy Moorings (CBM or MBM) Single Buoy Moorings (SBM)
Chapter 6 Windlasses and Anchoring
Cable Stoppers Anchor Cables Communication
Maintenance of Windlass Brakes Adjustments
Prolonged Periods of Non-Use Safety Reminders
Chapter 7 Personal Safety
Handling of Moorings Safe Handling of Tug Lines Gloves